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Rashtrapati Bhavan

Rashtrapati Bhavan

The Rashtrapati Bhavan was originally meant to be designed as the residential complex for the British Viceroy when the British shifted their governance base from Calcutta to Delhi. The palatial building of the Rashtrapti Bhawan was designed by Edwin Lutyen and completed in 1929. The building formerly known as the government house after the Indian independence was renamed as the Rashtrapati Bhavan or the presidential residence. Historical facts reveal that the building was built with an impressive budget of 1.4 million and approximately 3,500 workers were engaged in the building project for nearly 17 years.

The elaborate dome-like structure on top of the Rashtrapati Bhavan is known as Chuttri. Various Indian designs were added to the building including several circular stone basins on the top of the palace. There was also a traditional Indian chujja or chhajja, which took the place of a frieze in classical architecture. There were also statues of elephants and fountain sculptures of cobras in the gardens, as well as grilles made from red sandstone called jaalis.

The front of the palace, on the east side, has twelve unevenly spaced columns with the Delhi order capitals. These capitals have a fusion of acanthus leaves with the four pendant Indian bells that are part of the Hindu and Buddhist religions. In the North Block, there are separate wings for the Viceroy, and another wing for guests. At the centre of the main part of the palace is Durbar's Hall underneath the main dome.

Visitors require special permission from Government of India Tourist Office to enter Rastrapathi Bhavan. The Mughal garden, displaying numerous types of roses, remains open to the public only in the month of February when the flowers gloriously bloom.