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Safdarjung's Tomb

Safdarjung's Tomb

Safdarjung's tomb was built in 1753 by Shuja ud duallah as a tribute to his father's memory. Safdurjung, whose original name was Mirza Muquim Abul Mansur Khan was the governor of the province of Awadh under the reign of Muhammad Shah and was later made the ruler's prime minister. It is probably the only construction in Delhi that speaks of the same grandeur of Mughal art during and previous to the rule of Aurangzeb.

The mausoleum is built with red and buff stone and measures 18.28 sq meters. The center chamber of the mausoleum is square with eight apartments around it and has one cenotaph. There are polygonal towers at the corners of the mausoleum, which are covered by kiosks. In the center of the underground chamber lie the graves of Safdarjang and his wife. The ceilings of the whole tomb are decorated with painted plasterwork. The marble and sandstone used in the construction have been removed from the mausoleum of Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khanan.

There is also a madrassa (Muslim School) inside the premises of the Tomb Of Safdarjang, Delhi. The red sandstone and buff stone monument comprises of the tomb, the courtyard and a mosque. There is a library over the main gateway, maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). One of the last remnants of Mughal architecture, Safdarjung's Tomb is to some an extent like the Humayun's Tomb. It stretches over an area of 300-sq-metre and is set in the middle of a widespread garden.

The Mughal 'Chaharbagh' style garden has an enclosure raising to two levels, which is entered through an enormous entrance. The central chamber of the tomb stands surrounded by eight rooms all around. The corner apartments of the Delhi Safdarjung Tomb are octagonal, while the rest are rectangular in shape. There is also a dome of the tomb that rises from a sixteen-sided base. The two graves inside the Tomb of Safdarjang, Delhi belong to Safdarjung and most probably his wife.